Марк Григорян (markgrigorian) wrote,
Марк Григорян
markgrigorian

761 военная база

Любопытная и жуткая информация: у США по миру раскидана 761 военная база. При этом базы, находящиеся в Ираке и Афганистане в это число не входят.

Римская Империя имела всего 37 военных баз за рубежом, а Британская Империя в эпоху расцвета -- 36.

Территория, которую занимают военные базы США, больше территории Северной Кореи.

Вот данные, как они представлены здесь. Это статья Селии Перри (Celia Perry) в MotherJones.

Land occupied by US bases: 46,566 square miles*
Land area of North Korea: 46,541 square miles

Roman bases at empire's peak (AD 117): 37
British bases at empire's peak (1898): 36
US military sites overseas (2007): 761*
     In Germany: 268
     In Japan: 124
     In South Korea: 87
Number that the Pentagon defines as "medium" or "large" (worth at least $888 million): 30
Number of foreign countries/territories that host US bases: 39**
Total US sites, foreign and domestic: 5,429

Military Architecture
Total Pentagon "facilities": 545,714*
Percentage of total on foreign soil: 19
Number on foreign soil: 102,376
     Buildings: 52,962
     Roads, bridges, weapons ranges, etc.: 39,648
Overseas facilities' "replacement cost": $119 billion

Priorities, Priorities
Estimated worldwide defense spending: $1.2 trillion
US share of the total: 49 percent
Federal defense spending (FY '08): $587 billion
Federal education spending (FY '08): $62 billion
Federal Social Security spending (FY '08): $5 billion
Bush budget request to train and equip foreign militaries (FY '08): $4.5 billion
Overall US spending for tsunami relief: $656 million

*Figures don't include bases in Iraq and Afghanistan; "facilities" include buildings, structures, roads, bridges, ranges, and plants; "sites" may include bases, hospitals, schools, and depots.
**The Pentagon does not acknowledge all of its bases. (See " America's Unwelcome Advances.")

Для тех, кто читает по-английски, здесь интересная статья с историей развития этих баз после второй мировой.

Tags: США
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